37. What do you understand by the word “suffered”?
That all the time He lived on earth, but especially at the end of His life, He bore, in body and soul, the wrath of God against the sin of the whole human race;1 in order that by His suffering, as the only atoning sacrifice,2 He might redeem our body and soul from everlasting damnation, and obtain for us the grace of God, righteousness, and eternal life.
 1 Pet. 2:24; Isa. 53:12.  1 Jn. 2:2; 4:10; Rom. 3:25–26; *Ps. 22:14–16; *Matt. 26:38; *Rom. 5:6.
38. Why did He suffer “under Pontius Pilate” as judge?
That He, being innocent, might be condemned by the temporal judge,1 and thereby deliver us from the severe judgment of God, to which we were exposed.2
 Acts 4:27–28; Lk. 23:13–15; Jn. 19:4.  Ps. 69:4; 2 Cor. 5:21; *Matt. 27:24.
39. Is there anything more in His having been “crucified” than if He had suffered some other death?
Yes, for thereby I am assured that He took upon Himself the curse which lay upon me,1 because the death of the cross was accursed of God.2
 Gal. 3:13–14.  Deut. 21:22–23; *Phil. 2:8.
40. Why was it necessary for Christ to suffer “death”?
Because the justice and truth1 of God required that satisfaction for our sins could be made in no other way than by the death of the Son of God.2
 Gen. 2:17.  Heb. 2:9; *Rom. 6:23.
41. Why was He “buried”?
To show thereby that He was really dead.1
 Matt. 27:59–60; Jn. 19:38–42; Acts 13:29.
42. Since, then, Christ died for us, why must we also die?
Our death is not a satisfaction for our sin, but only a dying to sin and an entering into eternal life.1
 Jn. 5:24; Phil. 1:23; Rom. 7:24–25.
43. What further benefit do we receive from the sacrifice and death of Christ on the cross?
That by His power our old man is with Him crucified, slain, and buried;1 so that the evil lusts of the flesh may no more reign in us,2 but that we may offer ourselves unto Him a sacrifice of thanksgiving.3
 Rom. 6:6–8; Col. 2:12.  Rom. 6:12.  Rom. 12:1; *2 Cor. 5:15.
44. Why is it added: “He descended into hell”?
That in my greatest temptations I may be assured that Christ my Lord, by His inexpressible anguish, pains, and terrors, which He suffered in His soul on the cross and before, has redeemed me from the anguish and torment of hell.1
 Isa. 53:10; Matt. 27:46; *Ps. 18:5; 116:3.